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Convenio de la Presa de la Estanzuela

6 October 1841

Region: Hidalgo
Place: Presa de la Estanzuela

Pronunciamiento text

Convenio de la Presa de la Estanzuela, 6 de octubre de 1841

Reunidos en la Presa de la Estanzuela el Excmo. señor general de división D. Valentín Canalizo y el señor general de brigada D. Benito Quijano, y los señores generales de brigada D. José María Tornel y D. José Ignacio Gutiérrez, comisionados los primeros por el excelentísimo señor general de división, benemérito de la patria don Anastasio Bustamante, general en jefe de las tropas situadas en la ciudad de Guadalupe Hidalgo, y los segundos por el Excmo. señor general de división, benemérito de la patria don Antonio López de Santa Anna, general en jefe del ejército de operaciones, con el objeto de discutir y acordar los términos en que pueda llegarse al término de la guerra civil, proporcionando a la generosa nación mexicana los medios de que necesita para sostener su dignidad y decoro entre las civilizadas y los más seguros para la sincera y cordial conciliación de todos sus hijos, después de canjeados sus poderes, convinieron en los artículos siguientes:

Art. 1o. Desde este momento se restablecen las relaciones íntimas y cordiales que deben reinar entre todos los miembros de la familia mexicana, y ni ahora, ni nunca podrán ser molestados por sus opiniones emitidas de palabra o por escrito y por hechos políticos, tanto los ciudadanos militares como los no militares, comprometiéndose los Excmos señores generales en jefe y las fuerzas beligerantes, a que este olvido sea perpetuo y sincero.

Art. 2o. Los actos del gobierno del Excmo. señor general don Anastasio Bustamante, y de lo que sucedió interinamente, desde el primero de agosto del presente año, de cualquiera clase que sean, quedan sometidos a la aprobación del primer congreso constitucional, así como quedarán sometidos los actos del ejecutivo provisional que se instale con arreglo a las bases que ha adoptado el ejército de operaciones del Exmo. Sr. General D. Antonio López de Santa Anna.

Art. 3o. Los Excmos. señores gobernadores en jefe de ambas fuerzas beligerantes quedan comprometidos a interponer su respetable influjo con el gobierno que se establezca, a fin de que se dé su retiro o licencia a los señores generales, jefes y oficiales que lo soliciten y su cesantía o jubilación a los empleados que lo pretendan.

Art. 4o. Ratificado el presente convenio por los Excmos. señores generales en jefe de las fuerzas beligerantes, las situadas en Guadalupe se pondrán a las órdenes del Excmo. señor general don Antonio López de Santa Anna, quien las dispensará las consideraciones que merecen los soldados de esta parte del ejército que tanto contribuyeron a conquistar la independencia de la patria, y cuyos brazos y denuedo pueden ser tan útiles en cualquiera guerra extranjera.

Art. 5o. El presente convenio será ratificado a las tres horas de firmado por los comisionados de una y otra parte.

Presa de la Estanzuela, octubre 6 de 1841. A las nueve y media de la noche.

Valentín Canalizo; Benito Quijano; José María Tornel; José Ignacio Gutiérrez; ratifico éste convenio, Antonio López de Santa Anna; ratifico este convenio, Anastasio Bustamante.

Context

August 1841 saw the advent of what has been described as the Triangular Revolt. The first player to move into action was the profoundly reactionary, elitist and hard-drinking General Mariano Paredes y Arrillaga, who launched the pronunciamiento of Guadalajara of 8 August. In his plan, Paredes y Arrillaga called for the creation of a new congress whose sole purpose would be to reform the 1836 charter. He also demanded that the Supreme Conservative Power name one individual who would be given extraordinary powers to oversee the peaceful transition from the current government to the new one. Much to President Anastasio Bustamante’s horror, his faithful aide, General Valencia, who had played such an important role in quelling José Urrea and Valentín Gómez Farías’ revolt the previous summer, took the Ciudadela barracks in the capital on 31 August, and launched the pronunciamiento of 4 September. Valencia stated that his aims were to obey the will of the people, and that this had been eloquently expressed in the pronunciamiento of Guadalajara. Valencia proclaimed that the people did not want a tyrant and he went on to stress the need to forge a new constituent congress. Unlike Paredes y Arrillaga, who believed the Supreme Conservative Power should name a provisional president, Valencia believed such an individual should be chosen by a popular junta. In response to Valencia’s pronunciamiento, the Supreme Conservative Power gave Bustamante emergency powers, and he immediately set about organizing the defence of the government, declaring the capital to be in a state of siege. On 9 September, from the Fortress of San Carlos in Perote, Santa Anna made his own revolutionary plan known and started his march towards the capital. In the open letter addressed to Bustamante in the form of a published pamphlet on 13 September, including a copy of his Plan of Perote of the 9th, he justified his decision to take up arms against the government. He claimed that the 1836 Constitution had never been in accordance with his principles, or those that inspired the plans that brought about the end of the radical government of 1833. By resting all power away from the executive, the new constitution made governing Mexico at a time of conflict a near impossibility. The urgent responses required to organise an army, tackle the country’s significant diplomatic problems with France and reform the country’s financial and judicial systems were simply not possible under the Seven Laws. With adventurers still running amok in Texas, and with Tabasco and Yucatán up in flames, it was about time the government became “strong and vigorous.” Texas was waiting to be re-conquered. The constitution needed to be reformed. Tabasco and Yucatán had to be brought back into the fold. He reminded Bustamante that he had offered to mediate between him and the rebels. He criticised the president for ignoring his letters. He had been given no choice but to join the revolutionary movement. Proving his point that the 1836 Constitution did not work, he accused the Supreme Conservative Power, of all institutions, of being in breach of article 18. of the 1836 charter for having given Bustamante emergency powers. As was expressed in the actual Plan of Perote of 9 September, Santa Anna was demanding the removal of Bustamante as the head of the executive, that General Valencia’s Plan of 4 September was endorsed, and that all Mexicans should leave aside their factional differences and join in a “conciliatory embrace.” Despite Bustamante’s attempts to resist the revolt it became evident that he was alone as Paredes y Arrillaga and Santa Anna’s respective forces made their way to the capital to join Valencia. By 27 September, the three rebel forces converged in the Archbishop’s Palace in Tacubaya, in the outskirts of Mexico City. Having succeeded in forcing Bustamante to accept a truce, Paredes y Arrillaga, Valencia and Santa Anna thrashed out what was to become the Bases de Tacubaya reproduced here. With this plan, promulgated on 29 September, a temporary dictatorship was to be established with the objective of calling a new Congress to devise a new constitution. Despite Paredes y Arrillaga and Valencia’s ambitions, Santa Anna managed to persuade them to let him take the lead once more. In a final and desperate bid to rally support for his cause, Bustamante proclaimed the restoration of the federalist charter on 30 September. Hoping his change to federalism would inspire the moderate and radical federalists to come to his aid, Bustamante reorganized his defences, and between 2 and 4 October the capital was exposed once more to the horrors of war. Cannons once again pounded the city centre and there were bloody street fights. In the end, Bustamante was forced to face the inevitable. He finally met with Santa Anna at Punta del Río on 5 October, outside Mexico City, and they formally agreed the following day to end all hostilities, as can be seen in the document reproduced here, with Bustamante accepting the Bases de Tacubaya and agreeing to be replaced by Santa Anna as provisional president. On 7 October, Santa Anna marched into a battered, tired and distrustful Mexico City and, following his investiture ceremony on 10 October 1841 initiated what would be his longest and most successful term in office (1841-43, 1843-44).

WF

Notes

Boletín de la Secretaría de Gobernación, 1923.

Also in Josefina Zoraida Vázquez (ed.), Planes en la nación mexicana. Libro cuatro: 1841-1854 (Mexico City: Senado de la República/El Colegio de México, 1987), pp. 95-96.

Transcribed by Germán Martínez Martínez and Revised by Will Fowler.

Original document double-checked by Natasha Picôt 6/2/09. COLMEX: J. Z. Vázquez Planes y documentos, Caja 20, Exp. 8, f. 8.

I thank Oleg Schultz, editor of the International History Project - Archontology, for drawing my attention to an incomplete article which has now been added.

Participants (6):

Signatory role:
Anastasio Bustamante
Valentín Canalizo
José Ignacio Gutiérrez
Antonio López de Santa Anna
Benito Quijano
José María Tornel

Related pronunciamientos

Parent pronunciamientos
Manifiesto y plan del general Paredes ()
8 August 1841 ; Guadalajara, Jalisco
Plan del general Valencia ()
4 September 1841 ; Ciudad de México, México D.F.
Manifiesto y plan de Perote ()
9 September 1841 ; Perote, Veracruz
Bases de Tacubaya ()
28 September 1841 ; Tacubaya, México D.F.
Child pronunciamientos
Acta suscrita por autoridades, empleados y vecinos del Mineral de Zacualpan (reactive, supporting)
10 October 1841 ; Mineral de Zacualpan, Estado de México

Pronunciamiento grievances

Proactive

Military (regular army)

Other (End to civil war)

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