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Vicente Filisola

Lifespan: (1785 – 1850)
Profession: Regular army officer


Vicente Filisola (1785-1850) was a soldier born in Riveli (Naples, Italy). He came to Mexico and reached the rank of colonel during the War of Independence (1810-21). He was the first chief of the Army of the Three Guarantees which entered Mexico City triumphantly on 27 September 1821. In 1822 he was sent to Guatemala by Iturbide, to maintain order, during the plebiscite that resulted in the annexation of Guatemala as part of Mexican Empire. He then returned to Mexico and became a general. When General Nicolás Bravo joined the pronunciamiento of Manuel Montaño in Apan in January 1828 he named Filisola military commander. During the Parián riot of December that year, he retired to Puebla and for this he was censured. However, he eventually acquired the rank of division general in 1833, and went on to participate in the 1835-36 Texan campaign. During the Texan campaign Filisola was second-in-command to Santa-Anna. Following the debacle of the battle of San Jacinto which resulted in the capture of Santa Anna’s forces, Filisola controversially chose to withdraw south of the Río Bravo. Although he was court-martialled for doing so, he was exonerated. In subsequent years he was named President of the Supreme War Tribunal and whilst serving in this post he died in Mexico City in 1850. Filisola wrote Memorias para la Historia de Tejas. Mexico, 1848.


Signatory of
Manifiesto de los generales y jefes del Ejército del Norte (6 March 1838; Matamoros, Tamaulipas)
Acta general del ejército (2 January 1846; Ciudad de México, México D.F.)

Leader, author and signatory of
Manifiesto de Vicente Filisola (13 October 1838; Tampico, Tamaulipas)