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Santiago Blanco

Lifespan: (1815 – 1883)
Profession: Regular army officer
Place of birth: Campeche


Santiago Blanco (1815-1883) was a military officer born in Campeche. He died in the City of Mexico. He undertook his first studies in Campeche. He moved to Mexico City in May 1827 where he became a cadet in the 1st Brigade of Artillery. He was a distinguished student of the military college and was professor of mathematics in 1832. In 1828 he helped to repress the Mutiny of the Acordada and was sub-lieutenant of the Engineering corps for 1830. In 1833 he participated in the drawing up of borders between the Federal District of Mexico and the State of Mexico. En 1835 he was sent to Yucatán as Commander of Engineers of the Peninsula where he drew up the plan of the Isla y Barra del Carmen and repaired some fortifications in Campeche. In 1839 he intervened in the demarcation of the borders and territory of Belize the drawing up of which was suspended in order to fight the federalist Yucatán rebellion. He was also in the battle of the hacienda of Santa Rosa and later in the defense of Campeche up until 15 May 1840. Then he marched onto Veracruz and later to Tampico and Matamoros. He spent some time in the United States of America, studying its railway system. In 1842 under the orders of General Pedro Ampudia he tried to clean up North American pirate activity on the border and in 1843 he reached the rank of Colonel. In May1846, in Mexico City, he took part in the Commandeering of the Engineering Corps. He fought against the North Americans in 1847: he was also active in the battle of Buena Vista-Angostura, where he won the rank of General. In March of the same year he was gravely wounded in the battle of Padierna. In 1848 he took charge of the position of Director of Engineers. In 1850-51 he was deputy for Campeche; Minister of War (8 Jan -2 Feb, 1853); then director of the Military College; in 1854 and was Minister of War from 12 January 1854 to 30 July 1855. He fought against the revolutionaries of Ayutla in Guerrero, Michoacán and Jalisco. Brought down by the liberals in 1855 he retired from the army the same year. However, in 1858, he served under the conservatives during the Three Years War. In 1863 he was loyal to the Empire, even though he did not take up a specific post in the army. With the triumph of the Republic he was sentenced to two years in prison and served the sentence in Tacubaya. Some years later he was once again deputy for Campeche.


Signatory of
Acta de la guarnición de Campeche (25 February 1840; Campeche, Campeche)
Acta general del ejército (2 January 1846; Ciudad de México, México D.F.)
Artículos del convenio de México (6 February 1853; Ciudad de México, México D.F.)