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Pedro Ogazón

Lifespan: (1824 – 1890)


Pedro Ogazón (1824-1890) was a lawyer and soldier born in Guadalajara, Jalisco. In this city he studied to be a lawyer and graduated from the Catholic School of Law. He was a volunteer soldier in 1846. He participated in various battles in subsequent years on the side of the liberals and took Colima with Ignacio Comonfort in 1855 and thereafter Guadalajara. When the city was defended in 1858 as a consequence of the pronunciamiento of Landa which resulted in Don Benito Juárez fleeing in fright, Ogazón took a very active part in the military operations. He was sent in charge of the take over of Colima 10 April 1859 and in 1860 sustained the defense of Sayula and Zapotlán. He served under the command of General Ignacio Zaragoza in Guadalajara, after the fall of General Leonardo Marquez on the bridge of Calderon. He twice joined the campaign against Lozada in Tepic. In January 1867 he took part in the defense of Zacatecas, when Juárez was at the point of falling in the hands of Miramón and finally in Querétaro. The victory at Tepic in 1867 is believed to be owed to Ogazón. He became brigadier general in 1859 and division general in 1876. He also held various political posts. Ogazón was named governor in Jalisco, when the revolution of Ayutla broke out and by popular election after the triumph of Calpulalpan. He acted as Magistrate of the Supreme Court of Justice and at the height of the triumph of Tuxtepec, he was Minister of War. In this role he ordered the Mexican troops at the border to fight force against force, when General Ord attempted to pass with his United States forces into Mexican territory. He was deputy on a number of occasions in the legislature of Jalisco and the national congress. In Jalisco Ogazón retired from public life. He died in Orizaba, Veracruz. His remains are in the Rotonda de los Hombres Ilustres in Mexico City where Mexico’s military, political, and artistic elite are buried.


Secretary of
Decreto del Estado de Jalisco en el que se declara sostenedor del Plan de Ayutla (10 February 1856; Guadalajara, Jalisco)