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Miguel Barragán

Lifespan: (8 March 1789 – 1 March 1836)
Profession: Regular Army Officer, Politician


Miguel Barragán (8 March 1789 – 1 March 1836) was born in Valle del Maíz, San Luis Potosí and when he died in Mexico City he was interred in the Cathedral with his name inscribed in gold letters in the Congress meeting chamber. He was a Mexican general and a centralist politician who served in Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna’s government as Minister of War between 1833 and 1834. Barragán was also president of Mexico from 28 January 1835 to 27 February 1836. He attained the rank of Brigadier General whilst fighting in the war of independence in the Army of the Three Guarantees. He joined other ex-insurgents meeting in the house of Miguel Dominguez ex-corregidor of Querétaro in a conspiracy against Emperor Agustín de Iturbide. The group misguidedly wrote to Pedro Celestino Negrete in Guadalajara in an attempt to garner support for the conspiracy but were instead denounced to Iturbide. Consequently seventeen of the conspirators were arrested including Guadalupe Victoria, Nicolás Bravo and Barragán who remained captive up until the demise of the Mexican empire. He became commander general of Veracruz, blockading the fort of San Juan de Ulúa in the port’s harbour, at the time when Veracruz was under bombardment from the Spanish-controlled island fortress. Commander Coppinger confirmed his surrender on 16 November 1825 with the drawing up of a fourteen article pact. Two days later the Barragan occupied San Juan de Ulúa and the last Spanish

enclave on Mexican soil was freed of the Spanish yoke. In 1827 the pronunciamiento of Manuel Montaño was launched to abolish all Masonic lodges and to expel U.S. Minister Plenipotentiary Joel Roberts Poinsett. Barragán was arrested at Santa Anna’s hacienda for backing the pronunciamiento from Veracruz. Barragán was kept in the former Inquisition dungeons until generals Guadalupe Victoria and Vicente Guerrero managed to intervene so he was only sent into exile temporarily and he subsequently lived in the United States of America, Guatemala and Ecuador. Santa Anna summoned him back to Mexico where he became minister of war between 20 November 1833 and 13 February 1834 under the governments of Santa Anna and Valentín Gómez Farías. Barragán and Quintanar were sent to supress rebels in the state of Jalsico during

this time. Barragán became interim president on 28 January 1825 until 27 February 1836 following Santa Anna. He left his office voluntarily due to illness and died of ‘putrid fever’ thought to be Typhus.


Author of
Petición de Miguel Barragán (17 November 1830; San Pedro, San Luis Potosí)

Signatory of
Decreto de amnistía que olvida delitos políticos desde 1821 (2 May 1835; Ciudad de México, México D.F.)