MIDDLETON, JOHN [SSNE 6698]

Surname
MIDDLETON
First name
JOHN

Text source

The career of General John Middleton is well documented. He served with Hepburn's regiment in France in the 1630's, in the Army of the Covenant in Scotland in the 1640s, withthe Parliament of England's Army at Edgehill in 1642, and led a Royalist uprising in Scotland against Cromwell in the 1650s.

 

In 1656, Middleton served as Stuart ambassador in Berlin. The following year, along with Major General Thomas Rokeby, Colonel Alex Durhame and Mr Davissone, he targeted the ex-Royalist officers of Cranstoun's Swedish regiment in Thorn in the hope they may be persuaded to hand over the city to the Poles as this would demonstrate his loyalty to Charles II. From the date and context, he may have been within the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth when he wrote these letters.

 

Sources

DNB; Swedish Riksarkiv, Extranea 135: IX, 4, interciperade brev 1600-talet, II brev till Skotska officerare, including 1) Middleton to Erskine, no date 2 & 3) Alex Durhame to Erskine, 24 October and 28 November 1657 4)Thomas Rokeby to Erskine, 28 November 1657 5) Mr Davissone to 'my honest friends the Scots officers in Torne' no date; A. Grosjean, 'Royalist Soldiers and Cromwellian Allies? The Cranstoun Regiment in Sweden 1655-1658' in S. Murdoch and A. Mackillop (eds.), Fighting for Identity: Scottish Military Experience c.1550-1900 (Leiden, 2002), pp.61-82; L. Bittner and L. Gross, Reportorium der diplomatischen vertreter aller lander, vol. 1, 1648-1715 (Oldenburg and Berlin, 1936), p.180; Steve Murdoch, Network North: Scottish Kin, Commercial and Covert Associations in Northern Europe, 1603-1746 (Brill, Leiden, 2006), pp.79-80, 359; Steve Murdoch and Alexia Grosjean, Alexander Leslie and the Scottish Generals of the Thirty Years' War, 1618-1648 (London, 2014), p.122.

 

English Civil War

Service record

STUART KINGDOMS, EDGEHILL
Capacity OFFICER, purpose MILITARY
STUART KINGDOMS, BRANDENBURG-PRUSSIA (Preussen), BERLIN
Capacity ENVOY, purpose DIPLOMACY
STUART KINGDOMS, POLAND-LITHUANIA? THORN/TORUN?
Departed 1657-12-31
Capacity OFFICER, purpose MILITARY