ABERCROMBIE, ROBERT [SSNE 5217]

Surname
ABERCROMBIE, ABERCROMBY, ABERCRUMBIE, ABIRCOMBE, ARNBERNBENIUS, SANDIESOUN
First name
ROBERT, SANDERS

Text source

Robert Abercrombie (c.1530-1613), a Jesuit priest ordained in Rome, apparently left Scotland for Poland in 1564, arriving at Braniewo, near Elblag/Elbing. There he taught grammar and rhetoric, served as an advisor to the rector before he was sent on to other schools in Posen/Posnan in 1574, Wilno/Vilnius in 1580 and Cracow in 1586. He also had a school in Brunsberg. Despite his stay in the country he was apparently not too good at the Polish language. He returned to Scotland for a time in 1580 and then for 20 years from 1587. He was also known as Sanders Robertson, and Robert Sandiesoun, and lived in disguise as King James VI's  [SSNE 1531] falconer, and thus celebrated mass at the Stuart court and is alleged to have converted Queen Anna [SSNE 5217] to Catholicism. He also sent Scots to Braniewo and Wilno (where there was a papal seminary). After the 1605 Gunpowder Plot he was sentenced to death with a price of £10,000 on his head. This led to his return to Poland in 1607 where he died in Braniewo on 27 April 1613.

Sources: 

A.F. Steuart, Papers Relating to the Scots in Poland 1576-1793, (Edinburgh, 1915), p.xv; Register of the Privy Council of Scotland, vol. xiv, p.487; A. Bieganska, "In Search of Tolerance, Scottish Catholics and Presbyterians in Poland" in Scottish Slavonic Review, 17 (1991), p.47-8; A. Bieganska, The Learned Scots in Poland (From the Mid-Sixteenth to the close of the Eighteenth Century) in 'Canadian Slavonic Review, Vol. XLIII, No. 1, March 2001, pp.7-8.

Service record

POLAND-LITHUANIA, BRANIEWO (BRAUNSBERG) POSNAN
Departed 1579-12-31
Capacity PRIEST, purpose RELIGIOUS, ECCLESIASTICAL
SCOTLAND,
Departed 1580-12-31
Capacity PRIEST, purpose RELIGIOUS, ECCLESIASTICAL
SCOTLAND, WILNO/VILNIUS, CRACOW, POLAND-LITHUANIA
Departed 1586-12-31
Capacity PRIEST, purpose RELIGIOUS, ECCLESIASTICAL
SCOTLAND, STUART COURT
Departed 1606-12-31
Capacity PRIEST, purpose RELIGIOUS, ECCLESIASTICAL
SCOTLAND, BRANIEWO, POLAND-LITHUANIA
Departed 1613-04-27
Capacity PRIEST, purpose RELIGIOUS, ECCLESIASTICAL
SCOTLAND, ST ANDREWS
Departed 1551-12-31
Capacity STUDENT, purpose ACADEMIC