First name
Social status

Text source

Patrick Ogilvie was born in 1606 in Scotland. He came to hold land in Selkis and Voltis in Kumo parish, Årlak in Virmo parish, Otrova by Narva and Reguleva in Koporie region in Ingermanland, Vurda in Jama region, and Teivaala in Birkkala parish in Finland. Ogilvie became both a Swedish officer and nobleman. He was, according to Elgenstierna, the son of Colonel William Ogilvie [SSNE 1634]. He was by his own birth brieve, the son of another William Ogilvie, later of Balgay, and Elisbeth Langelands indicating a conflation in Elgenstierna's biography. 

Not much is known of Ogilvie's early life, until he entered Swedish military service as an ensign in 1624 in the regiment of James Spens jr [SSNE 11], the son of the Stuart ambassador in Stockholm, Sir James Spens of Wormiston and Orrebro [SSNE 1642]. He served a reformed ensign in Lt Colonel Sir James Lumsden's regiment in 1629. 

From 1632 he served as a major in the conscripted infantry regiment from the Åbo region, and after service of ten years he was promoted to lieutenant colonel. He acquired land in Tavastehus, Finland, both by donation in 1648 and by purchase in July 1651 and this became the subject of royal correspondence in the 1680s. He continued with this regiment until he became its colonel (sources variously date this to 1653, 1655 and 1657).

Certainly, by 1657 Ogilvie was noted as colonel of the Östra Viborg infantry regiment. Although he married three times, the dates of the marriages remain unclear, and all his children appear to be from his second wife. His first wife, an unnamed Scotswoman, was the daughter of James Scott and Margareta Gibson. His second wife was a Swedish noblewoman, Catharina Mannersköld, as was his third wife, Helena Sass. 

Ogilvie undertook an active role in civic life in Sweden, and made donations to the poor in July 1640. He was keen to integrate further into Swedish society and so produced two documents in order to initiate the ennoblement process in Sweden. The first was signed in 1640 by fellow Scottish officers James Lumsden [SSNE 3003, David Leslie [SSNE 2920], William Borthwick [SSNE 4826], Hans Ramsay (either [SSNE 1636] or [SSNE 3318]) and William Weiners. 

The second document was witnessed in 1642 by Lord Patrick Ruthven of Forth [SSNE 3413], Baron William Spens [SSNE 3553], Ludvig Leslie [SSNE 396], James Hamilton (possibly [SSNE 2585]), Hugo Mowatt [SSNE 800], and Patrick Moore (Morus) [SSNE 1205]. The two documents claimed that Ogilvie was of Scottish noble descent on both maternal and paternal side.In 1649 Ogilvie provided the Riksdag (the Swedish diet) with a further document from Perth dated 1646, and it is this one which establishes with clarity who his parents actually were. He produced this document before the Swedish Parliament (Riksdag) in 1649.

As a result of these documents he was variously knighted and introduced to the Swedish House of Nobility in 1642, after which he received land donations from Queen Kristina in 1648. Ogilvie attended the Swedish parliament (Riksdag) in 1642, '43, '49 and '54. 

Ogilvie was a colourful character as the records of the Swedish Riksråd (State Council) reveal. In 1650 they discussed punishing Ogilvie for having attacked a burgess in Stockholm. He had already been pardoned by Queen Kristina for unlawfully firing a weapon on her birthday. Despite these misdemeanours, Ogilvie remained in royal favour and obtained the rights to two further properties in 1651. 

Ogilvie did not confine himself to military duties, but entered the Swedish diplomatic service, and conveyed correspondence between the Russian, General, Nastjokin, and the Swedish military commander Magnus de la Gardie in 1656. Sweden was at war with Poland at the time and Russian support was vital to Swedish success. The following year he moved from Åbo to the Vyborg (Viipori) regional infantry, and soon took on the position as governor. He also served as governor of Riga castle in 1657 informing the Swedish government of shortages in manpower, provisions and ammunition there. In 1660 he again undertook the role of governor, but in the Kexholm region. That year he also appears to have become involved in a legal case and there are three letters to King Karl XI surviving from 1662 largely dealing with administrative issues arising out of his role as governor. Little is known of his later years, although he appears to have continued with his civic duties into the 1670s. Ogilvie died in 1674.

Ogilvie's children were Benedict, Johannes [SSNE 1279], Bengt Patrick [SSNE 1278], Margaretha [SSNE 8255] and (perhaps) Elisabet [SSNE 8256]. There may be some conflation also between Benedict and Bengt Patrick.

Sources: Riksarkivets ämnessamlingar. Personhistoria https://sok.riksarkivet.se/bildvisning/A0070024_00246#?c=&m=&s=&cv=245&xywh=3232%2C1732%2C2699%2C1556

Also: https://sok.riksarkivet.se/bildvisning/A0070024_00294#?c=&m=&s=&cv=293&xywh=2956%2C2976%2C2698%2C1556

Swedish Riksarkiv, P. Sondén, Militärachefer i svenska arméen och deras skrivelser; Swedish Riksarkiv, Kexholms län till K. Maj:t., Livonica II:I, vol 201 17/04/1662 and 23/10/1662; Swedish Riksarkiv, Skrivelser till Kungl. Maj:t, reduktionsmyndigh. till Kungl. Maj:t, vol.7; Swedish Riksarkiv, brev till Magnus Gabriel de la Gardie; Swedish Riksarkiv, Skoklostersamlingen II, brev till Per Abrahamson Brahe, E8241 and E8165; Riddareskappet i Ingermanland (1675); G. Elgenstierna, Svenska Adelns Ättartavlor, vol. 5, p.538; Swedish Riksarkiv, Anglica vol. 4, f. 22; Swedish Riksarkiv, Svenska Sändebuds till Utländska Hof och deras Sändebud till Sverige (manuscript dated 1841); Swedish Riddarhusarkiv, Katalog öfver sköldebref; Swedish Krigsarkiv Muster Rolls, 1629/22; 1635/1; 1636/14; 1638/15; 1639/10; 1640/9; 1641/11; 1642/9; 1645/17; 1647/11, 14; 1649/7; 1650/6; 1651/4,6; 1652/6; 1654/4-5; 1655/4; 1658/6; 1659/7; 1660/9; 1661/9; 1666/6; Swedish Krigsarkiv, katalog over rullor, vol.4, p.1475; A letter can be found in 'Krigskollegium Kancelliet; Adressatregistratur till Krigskollegiets Registratur 1631-1654' relating to "expetansbrev på översteskapet under sitt reg att det få och bekomma 2/8/1653". 

N. A. Kullberg, Severin Bergh, Per Sondén eds., Svenska Riksrådets Protokoll, 18 volumes, (Stockholm, 1878-1959); Uppsala University Library, Palmskiöldiska Samlingen, vol.228, p.55; S. Bergh and B. Taube, eds., Sveriges Ridderskaps och Adels Riksdags-Protokoll, 17 volumes, (Stockholm, 1871), passim; The Register of the Great Seal of Scotland, A.D. 1635-1651, (1897), p. 369; The Register of the Privy Council of Scotland, Second Series, 8 vols. (Edinburgh, 1899-1908) vol. 7, p. 205; Sir James Balfour-Paul and R. Douglas, The Scots Peerage, 9 vols. (1904-1914); T. Fischer, The Scots in Sweden (Edinburgh, 1907); Otto Donner, A brief sketch of the Scottish families in Finland and Sweden (Helsingfors, 1884), p.35; Rikskansleren Axel Oxenstiernas skrifter och brefvexling, first series, III, p.124; Steve Murdoch, Network North: Scottish Kin, Commercial and Covert Associations in Northern Europe, 1603-1746 (Brill, Leiden, 2006), p.231.


We thank Jack Blair for his comments on this biography and translation of Ogilvie's Birth Brieve from Riddarhus.

Service record

Arrived 1624-01-01, as CAPTAIN
Departed 1632-12-31, as OFFICER
Capacity OFFICER, purpose MILITARY
Arrived 1632-01-01, as MAJOR
Departed 1635-12-31, as MAJOR
Capacity OFFICER, purpose MILITARY
Arrived 1636-01-01, as MAJOR
Departed 1666-12-31, as COLONEL + CHIEF
Capacity OFFICER, purpose MILITARY
Arrived 1657-01-01, as GOVERNOR
Departed 1657-12-31, as GOVERNOR
Capacity GOVERNOR, purpose MILITARY
Arrived 1660-01-01, as GOVERNOR
Departed 1674-12-31, as GOVERNOR
Capacity GOVERNOR, purpose CIVIC