KINNAIRD, JOHAN [SSNE 2823]

Surname
KINNAIRD, KINNAERT, KINNAIRDT, KYNNAIRD
First name
JOHAN, JOHN, HANS

Text source

Johan Kinnaird appears to have served as an artillery specialist in Sweden from 1671 until 1704. He was in Stockholm in 1696, Gothenburg in 1697 and Wolmar and Dorpat in 1701. Kinnaird was killed during the siege of Narva in 1704 when a force of some 5000 Swedes sought to defend the town from an onslaught of 45,000 Russians led by Peter the Great. 

 

Sources: Göteborg Landsarkiv (GLA) Förteckning över Landshövdingens i Göteborg och Bohus Län - Skrivelser till Kungl. Maj:t 1657-1840 - 22/06/1696, 30/06/1701; Swedish Krigsarkiv, Krigskollegium Kansli Inkommna Handlingar Brevböcker, 1671:2 Hans Kinnairdt, 3 March 1671, being an inventory of artillery, ammunition and other materials contained within fortified places. 

Swedish Riksarkiv, Biographica Micracard, E01540 2/11, (FROM 1696-99): https://sok.riksarkivet.se/bildvisning/A0069774_00063#?c=&m=&s=&cv=62&xywh=2006%2C-297%2C4490%2C2590

https://sok.riksarkivet.se/bildvisning/A0069774_00066#?c=&m=&s=&cv=65&xywh=-1820%2C-1931%2C9630%2C5439

Swedish Krigsarkiv, Muster Roll, 1685/19; 1695/4,5; 1697/2; 1699/3 MERIT FORTECKNING; 1700/20; A. Lewenhaupt, Karl XII:s Officerare Biografiska anteckningar (2 vols., Stockholm, 1920), I, p.369; Swedish Riksarkiv, Eric Dahlbergs Arkiv, vol. XXVIII, 10/08/1697 (Gothenburg), 17/08/1701 (Wolmar) and 19/11/1701. 

Bengt Nilsson generously provided the following references and sources which allowed for the updating of the above entry: Hansen, H. J., Geschichte der Stadt Narva (1858), p.212. Mr Nilsson also identified more than 30 letters from Kinnaird to Major General W. A. Schlippenbach in the Schlippenbach collection, Riksarkivet (Stockholm). There are also occasional letters in Fond 7349, op. 1, vol. 345  -  Latvijas Valsts Vestures Arhivs, Riga (sent rom Kinnaird in Dorpat to Governor General Frölich in Riga). In one of them Kinnaird calls himself “a nobleman”. He labels Frölich his “patron” and seems to suggest that he had served under Frölich for a long time.

Service record

SWEDEN, ARTILLERY, RIGA
Departed 1703-05-27, as LIEUTENANT COLONEL
Capacity OFFICER, purpose MILITARY
SWEDEN, GOTHENBURG
Departed 1697-12-31, as ARTILLERY CAPTAIN
Capacity OFFICER, purpose MILITARY
SWEDEN, WOLMAR, DORPAT
Departed 1701-12-31, as CAPTAIN
Capacity OFFICER, purpose MILITARY
SWEDEN, NARVA
Departed 1704-08-09, as LIEUTENANT COLONEL
Capacity OFFICER, purpose MILITARY