Beauly, The Aird and Strathglass Place-Name Survey (North-East Inverness-shire)

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Bibliography and references

Acts of the Lords of the Isles Acts of the Lords of the Isles 1336-1493 , edd. Jean Munro and R. W. Munro, SHS 1986.
Abdn. Reg. Registrum Episcopatus Aberdonensis (Spalding and Maitland Clubs 1845).
Adams, I. H (ed.)., 1979, Papers on Peter May Land Surveyor 1749-1793 , SHS, 4th series, vol. 15.
Alexander, W.M., 1952, The Place-Names of Aberdeenshire (Third Spalding Club).
APS The Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland , edd. T. Thomson and C. Innes 1814-75.
Avery/1730 'Plan of Murray Firth by Joseph Avery (photocopy in NLS Maps in 4 sections). Drawn 1725-30. Original in Inverness public library.
Avery/Wade WADE COLLECTION, 58 (d) Acc. 10497. NLS Maps. Original. Moray Firth and Environs. General Maps. 1730.
Bagimond's Roll Scottish History Society Misc . vi, pp.3-77, ed. A.I. Dunlop 1939.
Barron, Hugh, 1968, 'Notes on The Aird', Transactions of the Gaelic Society of Inverness 45 (1967-8), 196-231.
Barron, Hugh, 1978, 'Some Notes on the Parish of Kiltarlity', Transactions of the Gaelic Society of Inverness 50 (1976-8), 40-59.
Barrow, G. W. S., 1981, 'Popular Courts in Early Medieval Scotland: Some Suggested Place-Name Evidence', Scottish Studies 25, 1-23 [also in Barrow 1992, Scotland and its Neighbours in the Middle Ages (London), 217-45, entitled simply 'Popular Courts'].
Barrow, G. W. S., 1984, 'Land Routes: The Medieval Evidence', Loads and Roads in Scotland and Beyond , ed. A.Fenton & G.Stell, 49-66 [also in Barrow 1992, Scotland and its Neighbours in the Middle Ages (London), 201-16, entitled simply 'Land Routes'].
Barrow,G. W. S., 1988, 'Badenoch and Strathspey' Northern Scotland 8.
Barrow, G. W. S, 1992, Scotland and its Neighbours in the Middle Ages (London). Contains several previous articles, such as Barrow 1981 and Barrow 1984.
Barrow, G. W. S. 1998, 'The Uses of Place-names and Scottish History - Pointers and Pitfalls', in S. Taylor ed. The Uses of Place-Names (Edinburgh), 54-74.
Barrow, G. W. S. 1998a, 'Religion in Scotland on the eve of Christianity' in Forschungen zur Reichs-, Papst- und Landesgeschichte , edited by K. Borchardt and E. Bnz, Part 1 (Stuttgart), 25-32.
Beauly Chrs. The Charters of the Priory of Beauly , Grampian Club 1877.
Black, G.F., 1946, The Surnames of Scotland (New York; reprinted 1993, Edinburgh).
Breeze, Andrew, 1999, 'Some Celtic Place-Names of Scotland, including Dalriada , Kincarden , Abercorn , Coldingham and Girvan ', Scottish Language 18, 34-51 [Other names discussed are: Froissart's Montres and Melrose Abbey; William Worcestre on Stormont and Dercongal ; William Worcestre on Lough Hakern , Islay; Insula Leverith , the old name of Cramond Island; Penchrise , near Hawick; and Aberlosk , near Moffat.]
Brown Plans
George Brown was the son-in-law of the greatest of all the early modern land surveyors, Peter May, and one of his most accomplished successors (Adams 1979, xxxiii-xxxiv).
11 photocopied sheets, each the same size, between A4 and A3, in the possession of Mr Hugh Barron, The Granary, Ness-side, Dores Rd., Inverness IV2 6DH.
The nos. have been written in pencil onto the photocopies, and presumably correspond to the numbers of the originals. This implies that there were as many as 60 originals.
1 Easter Clune -part of no. 12.
1 'Plan of Finellan, Lurg, Tyachroichk', including Kiltarlity old kirk - part of no. 17.
1 'Cottertown of Auchnamoin, Saw-Mill and others' - (by Finellan etc.) - part of no. 19.
2 All of no. 21 'Farms of Briach (sic) and Tenacoil, surveyed 1799'.
2 All of no. 25 'Glebe of Kiltarlity with the Farms of Ardrynich, Tomnacroich'.
2 Most of no. 26 - 'Ault Fairn, with the improvements in the Muir of Camault, Lonich-Keim, surveyed 1800'.
1 'The Western Division of Urchany called Gillie Phaeton' - part of no. 60.
1 Coul na Bodach (Urchany) - part of no. 59. Reproduced from a tracing, and dated 1797 by Harrison 1998, 106.
Chisholm Writs The Inventory of Chisholm Writs 1456-1810 , ed. Jean Munro, Scottish Record Society, New Series 18, 1992.
Chron. Wyntoun The Original Chronicle of Andrew of Wyntoun , ed. F. J. Amours, Scottish Text Society, 6 vols (1903-14).
CLIO Digitised catalogue of archives at NAS.
Cowan, I. B., 1967, The Parishes of Medieval Scotland , Scottish Record Society vol. 93.
Cowan, I. B., 1995, The Medieval Church in Scotland (ed. James Kirk) (Edinburgh).
Cox, Richard A. V., 2002, The Gaelic Place-Names of Carloway, Isle of Lewis: Their Structure and Significance (Dublin).
CSSR iv Calendar of Scottish Supplications to Rome1433-1447 , vol. 4, eds. A. I. Dunlop & D. MacLauchlan, Glasgow, 1983.
Crawford, B. E. 1995, Earl & Mormaer; Norse-Pictish Relationships in Northern Scotland (Groam House Museum lecture publications, Rosemarkie).
Crawford, Barbara E., and Taylor, Simon, 2003, 'The Southern Frontier of Norse Settlement in North Scotland: Place-Names and History', Northern Scotland 23, 1-76 .
DIL Dictionary of the Irish Language (based mainly on Old and Middle Irish materials) , compact edition Dublin 1990.
DLPSRO 3 Descriptive List of Plans in the Scottish Record Office vol. 3, Ian H. Adams, Edinburgh HMSO 1974.
DOSTDictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue , ed. W. Craigie & others 1937- 2001.
Drummond, Peter, (with assistance from Donald William Stewart and drawings by John Mitchell), 1991, Scottish Hill and Mountain Names (Scottish Mountaineering Trust).
Duncan, A. A. M., 1975, Scotland, The Making of the Kingdom (Edinburgh).
Dwelly The Illustrated Gaelic-English Dictionary , E. Dwelly 1901-11 (9th edition 1977).
ER The Exchequer Rolls of Scotland , ed. J.Stuart & others, 1878-1908.
Fasti Fasti Ecclesiae Scoticanae vol. 6, Synods of Aberdeen and of Moray, ed. Hew Scott (New Edition, Edinburgh 1926).
Gen. Coll. Genealogical Collections concerning Families in Scotland made by Walter Macfarlane , ed. James Toshach Clark, SHS 2 vols. 1900.
Geog. Coll. Geographical Collections relating to Scotland made by Walter Macfarlane , ed. Arthur Mitchell (vols. i and ii), Arthur Mitchell and James Toshach Clark (vol. iii), SHS 3 vols. 1906-8.
Gordon MS 3 Map of the whole of northern Scotland, and almost certainly the basis for Blaeu's Northern Scotland map (1654). 1640 x 50. Original ms. NLS Map Library.
Grant, Alexander, 2000, 'The Province of Ross and the Kingdom of Alba', in Alba: Celtic Scotland in the Medieval Era , edd. E. J. Cowan and R. Andrew McDonald (East Linton), 88-126.
Hall, M., Henderson, I., Taylor, S., 1998, 'A sculptured fragment from Pittensorn Farm, Gellyburn, Perthshire', Tayside and Fife Archaeological Journal 4, 129-44.
Harrison, H. W., 1998, Urchany and Farley, Leanassie and Breakachy, Parish of Kilmorack 1700-1998 , (St Albans; reprinted with corrections Sept. 1999).
Harrison, H. W., 2001, The Glens and Straths, Parish of Kilmorack (St Albans; published by the Kilmorack Heritage Association).
HCA Highland Council Archives, Inverness Public Library, Faraline Park, Inverness.
HCA, D536 Extract of Instrument of Disentail by Baron Lovat. Part of the lands of Aird.
HCA D536/D no. 8 Bundle 68 Various documents relating to the Chisholms of Strathglass and Comar, including parchments, 1675-1727; mostly in poor condition.
Inverness and Dingwall Presbytery Record Records of the Presbyteries of Inverness and Dingwall 1643-1688 , ed. William MacKay, Scottish History Society 1896.
Jennings, A. 1994, 'An Historical Study of the Gael and Norse in Western Scotland from c.795 to c.1000', unpublished PhD, Edinburgh University.
Lovat/1757 A plan of that part of the annexed estate of Lovat lying in the parish of Kilmorack. by Peter May. Much information, with every farm and field named, from the farm of Aigas on the west to the farm of Lettoch (north of Beauly) in the east. Also with descriptions of land written in English. Original in the Lovat Estate Office, Beauly; 19th century lithograph copy in West Register House RHP6586.
Lovat/1832 Plan of part of Lovat Estate in the parish of Kiltarlity. (Airdendrean, Convainch, Balantore, Loaning, Dularich, Teavarran, Craggan Veally). Surveyor J. Boultone; 1832. Lovat Estate Office, Beauly.
Lovat/1848 Plan of the lands of Ardindrean and Adjoining Part of Glen Convinth, The property of the Rt. Hon. Lord Lovat. Surveyor David Gordon, 1848. Lovat Estate Office, Beauly.
Lovat/1854 Plan of the lands of Ardindrean and the farms of Convinth, Balintore and Dularich as improved under the Drainage Act in 1848-51. Poor's house + several new roads shown. Surveyor David Gordon, 1854. Lovat Estate Office, Beauly.
Lovat/1874 Plan of that part of the Lovat Property in parish of Kiltarlity which extends from Tomnacross to Femnock and Crerag inclusively. Surveyor David Gordon, Netherdale, 1874. Lovat Estate Office, Beauly.
MacBain Alexander MacBain's An Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language (1911, reprinted by Gairm Publications 1982).
MacBain, Alexander, 1922, Place Names of the Highlands and Islands of Scotland (with notes and a foreword by William J. Watson) (Stirling).
MacDonald, Aidan, 1973, 'Annat in Scotland: A Provisional Review', Scottish Studies 17, 135-46.
MacDonald, Aidan 1987, ' Lios in Scotland', Ainm (Journal of the Ulster Place-name Society), 2, 37-54.
MacDonald, Aidan, 1992, Curadn, Boniface and the early church of Rosemarkie (Groam House Museum lecture publications, Rosemarkie).
Macdonald, Archibald, 1914, 'Place-Names of Kiltarlity and District', Transactions of the Gaelic Society of Inverness 28 (1912-14), 441-51.
MacDonald, R. H., 1986, 'Estate of Chisholm: Surviving Rental Lists of 1665 to 1871', Transactions of the Gaelic Society of Inverness 54 (1984-86), 58-136.
Mackay, Iain R., 1968, 'The Davoch of Clachan (Notes on the removals by the Chisholms in Strathglass)', Transactions of the Gaelic Society of Inverness 45, 393-412.
MacKay, William, 1968, Gaelic Place Names of Upper Strathglass (Inverness).
MacKinlay, J.M., 1914, Ancient Church Dedications in Scotland: Non-scriptural (Edinburgh).
Mather, Alexander S., 1970, 'Pre-1745 Land Use and Conservation in a Highland Glen: An Example from Glen Strathfarrar, North Inverness-shire', Scottish Geographical Magazine 86, 159-69.
May/Glen Strathfarrar Peter May's Plan of Glen Strathfarrar, 1758. The original is probably in the Lovat Estate Office, Beauly. Photostats of most of this map are in the possession of Prof. Alexander Mather, Department of Geography, University of Aberdeen; as of Dec. 2001 photocopies of these now are now lodged in the Highland Council Archives, Inverness. This plan is fully analysed in Mather 1970.
Meek, D. E., 1998, 'Place-names and Literature: Evidence from the Gaelic Ballads', in Taylor, S. (ed.), 1998 The Uses of Place-Names (Edinburgh), 147-68.
Moray Reg. Registrum Episcopatus Moraviensis , Bannatyne Club 1837.
NAS National Archives of Scotland, formerly Scottish Record Office (SRO).
NAS E.769 Exchequer: Inventory of Forfeited Estates Papers (1745): 1745-1824. Lovat (144 items) (Thomas Thomson House).
E.769/136 'Observations by Peter May, surveyor, upon the part of the estate in the parish of Kirkhill, with measures of the quality of the land of each farm [and with the name of each field] (corresponding to a survey and plan, both of which are wanting).'
Not dated, but c. 1756 x 1758. Jotter.
NAS GD23 Warrand of Bucht Papers.
NAS GD296 Frasers of Eskadale legal and estate papers.
NAS RS38/9 (2nd series), vol. 9: Inverness Sasines 1733-47.
Nicolaisen, W.F.H., 1976, Scottish Place-Names (London; second impression with additional information 1979).
NLS National Library of Scotland, George IV Bridge, Edinburgh.
NLS Acc11244 Fraser of Bellardrum (sic) papers. Folder with c. 20 sheets of paper and letters mainly from the 17th century.
NLS Acc11244, 1 List of lands in the parishes of Wardlaw (Vard Lawe) and Farnway (Farnuay) as they pay the minister's stipend during the ministry of Mr John Houston, the first minister of the joint parishes from 1614 to 1659 (see Wardlaw MS , 186, 424).
NLS Adv. MS.34.2.8 Robert Gordon of Straloch's notes in his own hand taken mainly from notes by Timothy Pont, and contained in Robert Sibbalds 'Topographical Notices of Scotland' Adv. MS.34.2.8.
Added in pencil beside this: 'at present map is in Lovat estate office' + 'No. map of Strathfarrar Beauly 1798'. [Dot after No. does not make sense.
Chris Fleet, hand-out for his paper 'Manie things false? Reassessing the value of Timothy Pont's textual notes'. Project Pont Conference, 1 April 2000, New Lanark. However A. Mitchell states that these notes were made by James Gordon of Rothiemay, Robert Gordon's son (Geog. Coll. ii, xlv). I am very grateful to Chris Fleet for drawing my attention to this ms, which has been scanned, and which I viewed on computer at the NLS Map Library
These were then transcribed for Walter Macfarlane, from which text the Geog. Coll. were published.
NLS Adv. MS.34.4.10 Late 14th-century transumpt of charters relating to the bishopric of Moray made after the burning of Elgin cathedral; one of the sources of the Bannatyne edition ( Moray Reg. ).
NLS Adv. MS. 35.2.4 ii. Diplomatum Collectio including the Beauly Priory charters printed in Beauly Chrs. .
NLS Dep. 327 Papers of the Frasers of Strichen and Lovat, ranging from the 15th century to c. 1800, with the Strichen branch of the Frasers particularly well detailed. The collection was preserved in the basement of Messrs Tods Murray and Jamieson WS, where it was probably lodged in the 19th c. while the Strichen family was establishing its claim to the Fraser of Lovat title. 184 items.
NSNL Norsk Stadnamnleksikon , ed. J. Sandnes and O. Stemshaug, Oslo 1990 (third edition).
Dnaill Niall Dnaill's Gearr-Fhoclir Gaeilge-Barla/Shorter Irish-English Dictionary (Baile tha Cliath 1981)
Mille, T.S., 1990, 'Irish Place-Names in -as, -es, -os, -us ', Ainm 4, 125-43.
Maolalaigh, R., 1998, 'Place-Names as a Resource for the Historical Linguist', in Taylor 1998, 12-53.
OPS Origines Parochiales Scotiae , Bannatyne Club, 1851-5.
OS Ordnance Survey
OS Name Books Ordnance Survey Object Name Books: unpublished. Microfilm in RCAHMS Library, John Sinclair House, Bernard Terrace, Edinburgh; for northern Scotland, microfilm also in HCA. Mainly extracted by Ron MacLean.
Parish Reg., Kilmorack The old parish registers of Kilmorack, as transcribed by Susan and John Thomson, Kilmorack Heritage Association (2001).
Parish Reg., Kiltarlity The old parish registers of Kiltarlity & Convinth, as transcribed by Susan and John Thomson, Kilmorack Heritage Association (2002).
PN1970/17 Scottish Place-Name Survey tape of interview of Alex MacRae of Ardochy, by Ian Fraser, 1970. Original held in the School of Scottish Studies, University of Edinburgh.
PN1970/18 Scottish Place-Name Survey tape of interview of William John MacRae of Eskadale, by Ian Fraser, 1970. Original held in the School of Scottish Studies, University of Edinburgh.
PRO SP 46/129 97626 Rental of 1653 of the parish of Kilmorack in the Public Record Office, London (with thanks to the Kilmorack Heritage Association for drawing my attention to this document, and to Mary MacDonald for help with its transcription).
Pryde, G. S., 1965, The Burghs of Scotland: A Critical List (Glasgow).
RHP1296 1843, Plan of common grazing of Boah as divided between Lord Lovat and the Chisholm.
RHP3608 1860 copy of RHP3650.
RHP3650 1852 original of RHP3608. 'Plan of the Lands of Ardrennich and of Dalnamine Farm situated in the parish of Kiltarlity, 1852'. Both copy and original done by David Gordon. Relating to an excambion between Thos. Alexander Baron Lovat and James Merry Esq. of Belladrum.
RHP3717 'Farms of Wester and Mid Crochills'. No surveyor or date on plan itself, but DLPSRO 3, 73 ascribes it to George Brown, late 18th c.. 51 cm x 40 cm, with much detail and almost every field named.
RHP6586 See Lovat/1757.
RHP11605 1795: 'Plan of intended road from Sheil House on Loch Dowich to Beauly'. Surveyed by George Brown. 5 sheets covering in great detail the route of the road from Loch Duich on the west coast, by Loch Affric and Strathglass to Beauly. Vignette of a bridge and a goat on first sheet (Sheet 1 - Loch Dowich etc.).
RHP11638 'Plan of the Proposed Road from Beauly to Knockfin, From an Accurate Survey taken in August 1807 By Wm. Cuming'.
RHP11642 'Plan of the Road from the New Bridge of Inverness by Bogroy, Lovat Bridge, Beauly etc. to the Confines of Ross shire. Surveyed in August 1814 by Wm. Cuming.'
RHP11963 Copy of Plan of the western portion of the marches between the properties of the Right Hon. Earl of Seafield and the Lord Lovat, being the whole westward from Allt Cuan-a-kiell [OS Pathf. 192 Allt Cath na Cile NH46 33] as settled in 1805.
RHP11964 1852 'Plan of the proposed line of march between the lands of Culnaskiach (sic) and Fanblair, the property of Lord Lovat, and the lands of Glenurquhart, the property of the Earl of Seafield'. Surveyor David Gordon Ex GD.248. Note: this plan is very fragile, and partly illegible.
RHP23986 Dated by West Register House Catalogue card '1828 or after'. Large, bound linen book of estate plans entitled 'Plans of the Estate of Belladrum the property of John Stewart Esq.; Grainger and Miller, surveyors, Edinburgh.
Plan 1 Reduced Plan of the Estate of Belladrum.
Plan 2 Belladrum Mains, Phoinas, Dalnameen.
Plan 3 Culmiln.
Plan 4 Lands of Foxhall and Rievaichkan.
Plan 5 Achviach; Lands of Caplach and Moor Ground.
RHP23994 1856 'Plan of the Low Grounds of the Estate of Guisachan the Property of D. C. Marjoribanks. From a survey in 1856 by Geo. G. Mackay, Inverness.'
RHP23998 Late 18th century. Plan of the lands of Balloan, Carnnapeintarn [OS Pathf. Ladycairn], Inchbain and Reelucas [ = Ruchluchais, for which see Barron 1968, 214. 'In the vicinity of Leitir (OS Pathf. Letter NH56 41), and in English was rendered Relugas.'] + Moss of Caplach. All the above seem to be in the southern part of Kirkhill parish. No surveyor. From GD296.
RHP47075 1787. Draught of ground exchanged between Auchnagairn and Reilick.
Photocopy of original penes Mr M. Fraser of Reelig. Details from electronic catalogue at West Register House.
Roy Map of Scotland produced from the survey overseen by General Roy 1749 - 1755. Black and white copy and coloured slides in NLS Map Library, Edinburgh.
Roy/Slides Colour slides of Roy held at the NLS Map Library, Edinburgh.
RRS i Regesta Regum Scottorum vol.i, ( Acts of Malcolm IV ) ed. G.W.S. Barrow, Edinburgh 1960.
RRS ii Regesta Regum Scottorum vol.ii, ( Acts of William I ) ed. G.W.S. Barrow, Edinburgh 1971.
RRS v Regesta Regum Scottorum vol.v, ( Acts of Robert I ) ed. A.A.M. Duncan (Edinburgh, 1988).
RRS Handlist/Alexander II Regesta Regum Scottorum, Handlist of the Acts of Alexander II, compiled by J.M. Scoular, 1959. Published by Dept. of Scottish History, University of Edinburgh.
RSS Registrum Secreti Sigilli Regum Scottorum , ed. M. Livingstone & others (Edinburgh 1908- ).
Rygh, O., 1897, Norske Gaardnavne vol. 1 (Oslo (Kristiania))
Rygh, O., 1898, Norske Gaardnavne: Forord og Inledning (Oslo (Kristiania))
Sasines Held at NAS, Princes St., Edinburgh. See also NAS RS.
Scotichronicon a history of Scotland in 16 Books written in mid 15th century by Walter Bower, abbot of Inchcolm. See also Watt, D. E. R..
Shennan, H., 1892, Boundaries of Counties and Parishes in Scotland (Edinburgh).
SHS Scottish History Society.
Taylor, S. 1995, 'Settlement-Names in Fife', unpublished Ph.D., University of Edinburgh.
Taylor, S. 1996, 'Place-names and the Early Church in Eastern Scotland', in Scotland in Dark Age Britain , ed. B.E. Crawford (Aberdeen), 93-110.
Taylor, S. 1997, 'Generic-Element Variation, with Special Reference to Eastern Scotland', Nomina 20, 5-22.
Taylor, S. (ed.), 1998 The Uses of Place-Names (Edinburgh).
Thomson/Inverness John Thomson's map of Inverness-shire, 1830.
Wardlaw MS. Fraser Chronicles by Rev. James Fraser, ed. W. MacKay, SHS 1905.
Watson, Angus, 2001 The Essential Gaelic-English Dictionary (Edinburgh).
Watson, A. & Allan, E., 1984, The Place-Names of Upper Deeside (Aberdeen).
Watson, W.J. 1904, Place-Names of Ross and Cromarty (Inverness; reprinted Evanton 1996).
Watson, W.J. 1907, ' Innis in Place-Names', The Celtic Review 3, 239-42.
Watson, W.J. 1926, The History of the Celtic Place-Names of Scotland (Edinburgh and London).
Watson, W.J. 1930, 'Some place-names of the North', Northern Chronicle (Inverness).
Watt, D. E. R. (gen. ed.), Scotichronicon by Walter Bower in Latin and English , 9 vols (Aberdeen/Edinburgh 1987-98).
Watt, Grad. A Biographical Dictionary of Scottish Graduates To A.D. 1410 , by D. E. R. Watt (Oxford 1977).
Wentworth, Roy,1996 Gaelic Words and Phrases from Wester Ross/Faclan is Abairtean Ros an Iar
Wills, V. (ed.) 1973, Reports on the Annexed Estates 1755-1769 (from the records of the Forfeited Estates preserved in the SRO), Edinburgh (HMSO publication).
Worcestre, Itineraries William Worcestre: Itineraries ed. and trans. John H. Harvey (Oxford 1969).