Viking Crystal Pendant

Date: c.750–1050 Place of Production: Unknown, found on Gotland Description: This small rock crystal pendant is beautifully housed in silverwork. Little is known about it, but it was probably brought to Gotland as either trade or plunder in the eighth to eleventh centuries. Alternatively, it may have been produced in a workshop  Held at: The Swedish…

Lothar Cross

Date: c. 1000 (base is 14th century) Place of Production: Germany, probably Cologne Description: The Lothar Cross, is named after the large rock crystal cameo of the Carolingian ruler of Lotharingia Lothar II (near its base). The cross itself was wrought in gold almost a century after Lothar’s rule, by one of the Ottonian dynasty (possibly Otto…

Silver penny of Count Herbert I

Date: 1015×36 Place of Production: Le Mans Description: A silver penny of Count Herbert I (1015-1036) from the County of Maine, France. Before Count Herbert’s time, coins from Maine produced by the counts were plain, carrying only the phrase ‘Gratia Dei rex’, (‘by the Grace of God’), but Herbert departed from this tradition and included his name…

Hammered silver penny of King Cnut

    Date: 997×1003 Place of Production: Lincoln Description:, featuring the bust of a crowned king facing left, and a long cross on the reverse. Produced by the moneyer Æthelmær Obverse inscription: +CNVT REX ANGLORV Reverse inscription: +ED/ELM[E?]/R MO/LINC Size: 18.82 mm diameter. Held at: Portable Antiquities Scheme Accession Number: DENO-00C081 Images released under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike…

Silver Penny of King Æthelred II

  Date: 997×1003 Place of Production: London Description: Silver Penny of King Æthelred II, ruler of Anglo-Saxon England. The obverse of the coin shows a bare-headed ruler facing right, while the reverse shows a long cross with decorative crescents at the end of each limb. Obverse inscription: EATHELRED REX ANG[LO] Reverse inscription: AETHWOLD NO LVND (ON reversed)…

Coin of Rægnald I

Date: c. 919–21 Place of Production: Northumbria, probably York. Description: Very few coins survive from the reign of Rægnald I (also known as Ragnall ua Ímair), who ruled York from c. 919–921, when he died. The majority of the Hiberno-Norse ruler’s coins were found in the Bossall hoard of 1807. The coin’s martial imagery includes a bow and arrow…