Intellectual History Archive

Institute of Intellectual History

Malthus Biography Files

While many of the later files in this catalogue were generated during Patricia James's research for her biography of Malthus, this set of files centres on Malthus himself, the Malthus family, and his published works.

Pages

James Archive II 1, pp.1374-1603
James Archive II 1, pp.1374-1603
One file labelled 'Malthus's Mis[cellaneous] Letters' consisting of notes, transcripts and photocopies of letters to John Linnell, Robinson Elsdale, Pierre Prevost, Henry Brougham, Etienne Dumont, J-B. Say, David Ricardo, Moses Ricardo (concerning his brother's letters to Malthus), Messrs Cadell and Davies, Alexander Marcet, Josiah Wedgwood, Francis Jeffrey (one bearing on Malthus's article on bullion), Sir James Stephen, Henry Mackenzie, Rowland Hunter, Nassau Senior, MacVey Napier, Edward Clarke, William Empson, Karl Friedrich Czornig, William Otter and his wife, Basil Montagu, Sir James Mackintosh, Sydney Smith, and Robert Elsdale. In all cases there is associated correspondence between James and the owners of these letters. It should be noted that James did not use all of these letters in her biography of Malthus, and that other letters to and from Malthus are included in other files within the archive.
James Archive II 10, pp. 3170-3276
James Archive II 10, pp. 3170-3276
One file labelled 'Malthus on Corn and Adam Smith' consisting of handwritten notes, annotated photocopies of parts of Malthus's Observations on the Corn Laws and his Grounds of an Opinion, together with other notes on the Wealth of Nations in various editions.
James Archive II 11, pp. 3277-3340
James Archive II 11, pp. 3277-3340
One file labelled 'Xeroxes of Princ[iple]s of Political Economy' containing marked photocopies of passages from Malthus's Principles not included in the Sraffa edition of Ricardo's Notes on Malthus, with corrections showing Malthus's amendments based on Marshall Library sources.
James Archive II 12, pp. 3341-3498
James Archive II 12, pp. 3341-3498
One file labelled 'Malthus on Population in Supplement to Encyclopaedia Britannica' containing notes and photocopies of this work together with an annotated copy of Anthony Flew's edition of the first Essay and the Summary View.
James Archive II 13, pp. 3499-3632
James Archive II 13, pp. 3499-3632
One file labelled 'M[althus]'s Value, Bailey, Verbalist Demander' containing an annotated photocopy of Malthus's Measure of Value, notes on Samuel Bailey's works, annotated photocopies of Verbal Disputes in Political Economy and Inquiry into the Nature of Demand.
James Archive II 2, pp. 1604-1788
James Archive II 2, pp. 1604-1788
One file labelled 'Malthus's Clubs and Societies' consisting of correspondence with Phillip Mallet the owner of the copyright on J. L. Mallet's diaries relating to the Political Economy Club held at the Bodleian Library, Oxford, together with notes on the published and unpublished parts of the diaries. James's notes identify those meetings of the Club at which Malthus was present and the questions for debate which he raised. There are also notes on the British Association, the "King of Clubs", the Athenaeum, the Royal Society (including the signatures to the proposal that Malthus be elected), the Royal Society of Literature, the Royal Statistical Society (including transcripts of letters from Malthus to Charles Babbage), the Geological Society of London, and correspondence with the Academie Royale de Belgique which includes the copy of a letter and a note from Malthus to Adolphe Quetelet.
James Archive II 3, pp. 1789-1917
James Archive II 3, pp. 1789-1917
One file labelled 'Obit[uarie]s incl[uding] Empson - Savings Bank - Murray' including transcripts and photocopies of Malthus's letters to the publisher, John Murray. There are also notes and photocopies of contemporary pamphlets on economic distress, savings banks, and the notices that appeared after Malthus's death, as well as the transcript of a poem by Mrs William Busk on Malthus's death. There is also a copy of the expenses incurred by Malthus's executors, the photocopy of a letter from Malthus to Henry Cockburn, and notes and photocopies of William Empson's life of Malthus.
James Archive II 4, pp. 1918-2216
James Archive II 4, pp. 1918-2216
One file labelled 'Bath and the Eckersalls' contains a note on the tombstone and grave of Lucy Malthus, Malthus's daughter, as well as notes on the Nixon-Eckersall papers and diaries. There are family trees, photographs and a floor plan of Claverton House, material on Bath Abbey, a history of the parish of Claverton, verses by Richard Graves, notes from the Bath Directory, the text of a play entitled "Chrononhotonthologos" performed at Claverton, and typed extracts from Harriet Eckersall's diary of a tour of France and Switzerland. The file also contains some typescripts by James, including papers on "Malthus and Bath" and "Population Malthus and the Rector of Ashley", the first of which contains information on Richard Graves, the author of some letters now in the Kanto Collection, and the typescript of a Malthus letter to Cadell and Davies.
James Archive II 5, pp. 2217-2487
James Archive II 5, pp. 2217-2487
One file labelled 'Family Other than Eckersall' containing notes on the Bray family from their letter books and those of Warren, including material on Malthus's financial dealings. There are also notes on William Bray's diaries and a Bray family tree as well as James's notes on Sydenham Malthus's family notes. There are notes on the wills of various members of the Malthus family, including Malthus's will, and the typescript of "Extracts from the Recollections of Miss Louisa Bray [Malthus's niece], 1857", with James's corrections of Miss Bray's mistakes. There is material on Malthus's living at Walesby in Lincolnshire, including photocopies taken from contemporary maps. Among this material is the transcript of a letter from Malthus to the Bishop of Lincoln and of letters to Malthus. There are also notes on the Chapel at Okewood where Malthus obtained his first clerical position, together with contemporary maps, and notes from the parish registers.
James Archive II 6, pp. 2488-2775
James Archive II 6, pp. 2488-2775
One file labelled Ancestors - Reading Apothecaries, Harrow, Surrey consisting of the material on Malthus's ancestors collected by James in the course of her research. Included is the correspondence between James and the Librarian at Windsor Castle concerning several of Malthus's ancestors who were servants of the crown, and when James delivered the notebooks of James Eckersall, Clerk to the Royal Kitchen in the first half of the eighteenth century, for copying as part of the Royal Archives. The file includes notes on Jean-Jacques Rousseau's visit to Malthus's father, Daniel Malthus, notes and photocopies of J. D. Payne's history of the family of Malthus published in 1890, and research conducted at the various parish churches where Malthus's ancestors were buried in Harrow, Reading, and Shere in Surrey. There is a collection of the relevant printed parish histories, which includes that relating to Okewood. There is also a photograph and descriptive material on "The Rookery", the house and grounds of the property owned by Malthus's father.
James Archive II 7, pp. 2776-2904
James Archive II 7, pp. 2776-2904
One file labelled 'Bibliographies' actually contains James's descriptions of portraits of members of the Malthus family (e.g. of the Graham children by William Hogarth) and of various individuals, churches, and houses connected with the family. There is also an extensive series of photographs of portraits of Malthus's friends and of the houses and buildings with which he was associated, collected for use as illustrations in James's biography of Malthus. Included too are bibliographies of works on Malthus, the Church of England, late eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century periodicals, and James's search lists. Finally, there are photocopies of letters from Elizabeth Gurney to an inn-keeper in Guildford.
James Archive II 8, pp. 2905-2985
James Archive II 8, pp. 2905-2985
One file labelled 'Miscellaneous Malthusiana - Personal' containing a talk by James on Maria Graham, with a photograph of Maria with some odd correspondence with other Malthus scholars and sources.

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